In the background of social of growing crisis in the ecological environment, ecological compensation has become an important measure for the protection of the ecological environment. The establishment of ecological compensation mechanism is a very difficult and ambitious task, it requires the participation of the whole society, the need for coordination among local and regional cooperation, also need the legal system as a long-term protection. so as to better adjust the interests of all parties related to ecological And the distribution relationship between economic interests, and promote ecological and environmental protection. Based on the content of the ecological compensation, the details of theoretical foundation and the basic principles, in allusion on taking the existing main issues of China's ecological compensation mechanism to ponder, at the same time, put forward some proposals on China's ecological compensation system by learning from advanced foreign experience. 1. Ecological compensation system sound legal system; 2. Ecological compensation should focus on two relations; 3. Strengthen ecological compensation policy publicity and education to enhance the public's involvement in the activities of the ecological compensation; 4. Ecological compensation increases the financial transfer payment, and takes active policies, a multi-channel financing; 5. Improve the management system of compensation for ecological.